Facts about Denmark

Find relevant information about Denmark and our green transition

Basic facts

Population: 5.7 million (2019)

Area: 43,000 km2

Land use:

Roads, railways and runways: 5.8%
Buildings and built-up areas: 6.9%
Other artificial surfaces: 1.1%
Agricultural crops: 61.1%
Wood and other tree-covered areas: 12.7%
Open habitats: 8.6%
Lakes and streams: 2.2%
Unmapped: 1.7%


Form of state: Constitutional monarchy

Minority government consisting of The Liberal Party, Liberal Alliance & Conservative People’s Party

Main industries/exports

1. Machinery (including computers): EUR 12.3 billion (14% of total exports)
2. Pharmaceuticals: EUR 11.1 billion (12.6%)
3. Electrical machinery, equipment: EUR6.6 billion (8.5%)

Green business case for Denmark

Increase in GDP from 1980-2015: Approx. 70%

Green export

Energy technology’s share of total exports: 11.8% (2016)
Green energy technology’s share of total exports: 6.7% (2016)
Water technology’s share of total exports: 2.7% (2015)

Top 5 countries of total Danish exports of green energy technology: UK, Germany, the US, China, Sweden (2017)

Total number of green jobs in Denmark:

Energy: 31,200 (2016)
Water sector: 25,000 (2015)

Total share of GDP spent on energy and maintaining a secure energy infrastructure:

Early 1980s: 14%
From late 1980s and until today: 5-6 %


More basic facts about Denmark

For more basic facts and information about Denmark, please visit the official website for Denmark:

Visit www.denmark.dk


A quick introduction to Denmark's green transition

Denmark is on the road to a greener future, but we are not quite there yet. Let us share experiences and inspire each other to continue the journey. Watch a quick animated summary of where we are heading. The movie is funded by the Confederation of Danish Industry and developed in cooperation with State of Green.