Denmark has considerable offshore wind resources and the potential to greatly expand its offshore wind capacity. Previous analyses from 2019 determined a capacity of 40 GW offshore wind energy in Danish maritime territory.
A broad majority in the Danish Parliament has decided to establish two energy islands which will supply 12 GW of electricity from offshore wind, once fully developed. This electricity can be transported to the mainland, exported to neighbouring countries, used for Power-to-X (PtX) production or stored on the island itself.
Great conditions for the production of green hydrogen and e-fuels
Overall, Denmark’s offshore wind resources provide good conditions for the production of green hydrogen, which require large amounts of green electricity. When it comes to the production of more advanced PtX products that require the use of carbon, Denmark also has the option to make use of biogas plants and biomass-fuelled CHP plants to produce biogenic CO2.
A unique PtX knowledge and research environment
There is a high level of know-how on green energy in Denmark, including PtX. Examples of this include the strong R&D environment for hydrogen and PtX solutions in Danish universities and knowledge institutions. The interaction between research and business in this area is crucial to ensure that inventions and innovations from universities are brought to market.