This is what the world’s first energy island may look like

State of Green
By State of Green, January 26, 2021

Denmark is establishing two new energy islands off the coast of Denmark. The energy islands will be completed by 2030, and will be able to supply 5 GW of power from offshore windfarms. This is enough to meet the average electricity consumption of 5 million households. New visualisations reveal what the larger of the two islands may look like.

One of the focal points in the Danish government’s Climate Action Plan 2020 was the construction of two new energy islands – one in the North Sea and one in the Baltic Sea. The energy islands will export renewable energy directly to the mainland of Denmark and neighbouring countries or convert it into green fuels, which can be used to power heavy transportation such as planes, ships and lorries.

-Related news: Denmark set to end all new oil and gas extraction in the North Sea by 2050

The VindØ vision

The larger island of the two is now one step closer to being realised. Danish pension funds PFA, PensionDanmark and the Danish utility Andel, together making up the VindØ consortium, have revealed its visions of the world’s first energy island called “VindØ” – Wind Island.

This video shows the VindØ consortium’s preliminary visualisation of the North Sea Energy Island

The island will be located 100 km off the coast of Denmark in the windswept North Sea. By 2030, the island will have the capacity of 3 GW of offshore wind, and eventually the island will connect 10 GW offshore wind. This is the equivalent of 25 traditional offshore windfarms.

Cost: EUR 8bn

The question has long been, whether the island should be constructed as a steel platform or as an embankment.

Consulting group COWI recently published a cost-benefit analysis of VindØ, which estimates the cost of a 3 GW energy island in the North Sea to amount to EUR 7.93 billion. This applies regardless of whether the island is constructed as caisson embankment or a steel platform. The price includes offshore wind farms and power transmission.

However, a price difference occurs when it comes to the connection of the intended 10 GW in offshore wind, shows the analysis. Here, an embankment solution would be the cheapest solution with a cost of EUR 28.22 billion, while a platform would amount to nearly EUR 29.57 billion.

Baltic Sea energy island also moving forward

While the construction of VindØ is still a matter of discussion, the second energy island in the Baltic Sea, Bornholm Energy Island, will make use of the existing island of Bornholm as the site for the power hub.

Earlier this month, German 50Hertz and Danish grid operator Energinet entered into an agreement. They plan to identify whether it is possible and advantageous to construct an electric cable connection between the two countries via the Danish island of Bornholm as a future energy island.

The agreement between 50Hertz and Energinet is the first breakthrough for connecting the two Danish energy islands to other countries. Interconnectors between neighbouring countries are vital to the energy islands being a good idea, both financially and for the green transition, writes Energinet.

No later than 2030

The plan is to establish the two energy islands and connect 5-6 GW by 2030 at the latest. However, both renewable energy company Ørsted and PensionDanmark announced that it would be feasible to construct energy islands long before that.

“If we have a reasonably ambitious timetable, we would be able to have an island ready to transmit power into a country’s grid by 2027-28,” said PensionDanmark CEO Torben Möger Pedersen.


A broad majority of the Danish Parliament decided on June 22, 2020 to initiate the construction of two energy islands:

In the North Sea, an artificial island will serve as a hub for offshore wind farms with a total capacity of 3 GW and potentially up to 10 GW in the future.

In the Baltic Sea, the Island of Bornholm will be the physical hub for offshore wind farms with a total capacity of 2 GW.

What are energy islands?

The concept of energy islands covers the definition of an existing island, the construction of an artificial island, or an island based on a platform serving as a hub for electricity generation from surrounding offshore wind farms, that will be connected and distribute power between Denmark and neighboring countries. The energy islands will also allow the connection of various offshore technical equipment for electricity generation, e.g. facilities for energy storage, hydrogen or electrolysis plants, or other technologies for energy conversion (for instance PtX).

Source: Danish Energy Agency

Learn more about energy islands (Energinet)

Source: Energywatch

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