Skip to content


Energy storage

Offshore wind

Smart energy systems


This is what the world’s first energy island may look like

One of the focal points in the Danish government’s Climate Action Plan 2020 was the construction of two new energy islands – one in the North Sea and one in the Baltic Sea. The energy islands will export renewable energy directly to the mainland of Denmark and neighbouring countries or convert it into green fuels, which can be used to power heavy transportation such as planes, ships and lorries.






The VindØ vision

The larger island of the two is now one step closer to being realised. Danish pension funds PFA, PensionDanmark and the Danish utility Andel, together making up the VindØ consortium, have revealed its visions of the world’s first energy island called “VindØ” – Wind Island.


VindØ - The world's first energy island

This video shows the VindØ consortium’s preliminary visualisation of the North Sea Energy Island

The island will be located 100 km off the coast of Denmark in the windswept North Sea. By 2030, the island will have the capacity of 3 GW of offshore wind, and eventually, the island will connect 10 GW of offshore wind. This is the equivalent of 25 traditional offshore wind farms.

Read our latest article on energy islands: Energy island – the Baltic sea’s nodal point for intelligent energy


Cost: EUR 8bn

The question has long been, whether the island should be constructed as a steel platform or as an embankment.

Consulting group COWI recently published a cost-benefit analysis of VindØ, which estimates the cost of a 3 GW energy island in the North Sea to amount to EUR 7.93 billion. This applies regardless of whether the island is constructed as caisson embankment or a steel platform. The price includes offshore wind farms and power transmission.

However, a price difference occurs when it comes to the connection of the intended 10 GW in offshore wind, shows the analysis. Here, an embankment solution would be the cheapest solution with a cost of EUR 28.22 billion, while a platform would amount to nearly EUR 29.57 billion.


Baltic Sea energy island also moving forward

While the construction of VindØ is still a matter of discussion, the second energy island in the Baltic Sea, Bornholm Energy Island, will make use of the existing island of Bornholm as the site for the power hub.

Earlier this month, German 50Hertz and Danish grid operator Energinet entered into an agreement. They plan to identify whether it is possible and advantageous to construct an electric cable connection between the two countries via the Danish island of Bornholm as a future energy island.

The agreement between 50Hertz and Energinet is the first breakthrough for connecting the two Danish energy islands to other countries. Interconnectors between neighbouring countries are vital to the energy islands being a good idea, both financially and for the green transition, writes Energinet.

Energy island – the Baltic sea’s nodal point for intelligent energy

Energy island with minimal environmental impact

The energy islands will be the largest infrastructure project to take place in Danish history. Read more about the energy island project.

No later than 2030

The plan is to establish the two energy islands and connect 5-6 GW by 2030 at the latest. However, both renewable energy company Ørsted and PensionDanmark announced that it would be feasible to construct energy islands long before that.

“If we have a reasonably ambitious timetable, we would be able to have an island ready to transmit power into a country’s grid by 2027-28,” said PensionDanmark CEO Torben Möger Pedersen.

A broad majority of the Danish Parliament decided on June 22, 2020 to initiate the construction of two energy islands:

  • In the North Sea, an artificial island will serve as a hub for offshore wind farms with a total capacity of 3 GW and potentially up to 10 GW in the future.
  • In the Baltic Sea, the Island of Bornholm will be the physical hub for offshore wind farms with a total capacity of 2 GW.

What are energy islands?

The concept of energy islands covers the definition of an existing island, the construction of an artificial island, or an island based on a platform serving as a hub for electricity generation from surrounding offshore wind farms, that will be connected and distribute power between Denmark and neighboring countries. The energy islands will also allow the connection of various offshore technical equipment for electricity generation, e.g. facilities for energy storage, hydrogen or electrolysis plants, or other technologies for energy conversion (for instance PtX).

Source: Danish Energy Agency

Source: Energywatch

You should consider reading

Energy storage
Offshore wind
Smart energy systems
Sustainable fuels
Wind energy
Wind farm planning and development


Wind energy


India and Denmark: Energy – a strategic green partnership with global potential

10 February 2023
How one of the world’s largest countries and one of the smallest join forces to create a new era of just, green transition. India and Denmark's Green Strategic Partnership paves the way for green growth and new business opportunities. Explore green energy solutions and start the journey today.