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Denmark, Flanders and Belgium sign groundbreaking arrangement on cross-border transportation of CO2 for geological storage

Denmark, Flanders and Belgium have concluded a specific arrangement, which makes it possible to transport CO2 between the two countries with the purpose of permanent geological storage. They are the first countries in the world to enter into such a bilateral arrangement.
30 September 2022

On September 13th 2022, Denmark, Flanders and Belgium agreed on a framework that paves the way for more efficient international cooperation on carbon capture, utilisation, and storage (CCUS). The framework is part of the efforts to contribute to the EU goal of climate neutrality by 2050.

Cross-border cooporation is essential

According to the IPCC, storage of CO2 is a key instrument in mitigating climate change as it can rid the atmosphere of some of the greenhouse gas emissions that otherwise would be difficult to reduce. International movement of CO2 is essential, as not all countries have the possibility to store CO2. Regional cooperation and cross-border infrastructure are crucial elements in this respect.

Related news: Danish Technological Institute participates in Danish initiative regarding storage of CO2

In addition to the framework on CCUS cooperation, Denmark, Flanders and Belgium have now specifically concluded an arrangement on how cross-border transportation of CO2 can be done under the London Protocol, which has for long been an unanswered question in the development of the international value chain.

Carbon storage in the North Sea

Denmark’s government has approved funding totalling about $41 million for two carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects, which will use the existing oil and gas infrastructure in the North Sea, all with a goal to support the country’s wider CO2 emission reduction targets for 2030 and beyond.

Danish Minister for Climate, Energy, and Utilities, Dan Jørgensen:

This is huge. By taking the first steps, Denmark and Belgium are leading the way for a model on how to enable the cross border transportation of CO2 with the purpose of permanent geological storage. Denmark has a strong wish to not only realise our own national goal of net zero by no later than 2050, but also pave the way for a greener Europe. With this arrangement, we are one step closer to reaching this goal.

Belgian federal Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the North Sea, Vincent Van Quickenborne:

The development of new methods to reduce carbon emissions is of vital importance for the future of our planet. The sea can play a key role in this. Not only has it always been very important for regulating our climate. But it also provides possibilities for carbon capture and storage. Our Belgian industry is largely involved in this. Beginning of April, the European Commission signed an investment agreement of 356 million euros for the Kairos@C-project. An initiative from chemical companies in Antwerp to develop the infrastructure to capture carbon emissions and to store the carbon in depleted oil and gas fields. The aim is to reduce the emissions in the next ten years by 14 million tons. This is a promising technology. By signing this Memorandum of Understanding, Belgium gives effect to the London Protocol, providing the international legal framework for transboundary CCS.

Flemish Minister of Environment and Energy, Zuhal Demir:

The capture, storage and reuse of CO2 will play an important role in the future of Flanders, in addition to the continuation of our strong policy on renewable energy and well-thought-out energy efficiency measures. Various companies in Flanders are already focusing on the rollout of CCUS to reduce their footprint. This intense cooperation between Flanders and Denmark supports and stimulates these developments.

Read more about the agreement here.


  • Through various political agreements, Denmark has set aside funding of approximately 5 billion EUR for CCUS.
  • A broad majority of the parties in the Danish parliament agree in The Roadmap for CO2 Storage from 2021 to initiate investigations of potential storage sites in the Danish subsoil, and make it possible to import and export CO2 while ensuring that CO2 storage will take place in an environmentally and safety-sound manner.

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