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Job creation and transition

Climate partnerships

Offshore wind

Strong Indo-Danish energy cooperation paves the way for India’s climate targets and green jobs creation

The objective of the India-Denmark Energy Partnership is to create peer-to-peer exchange of knowledge between experts from Denmark and India focused on offshore wind, long-term energy planning and integration of renewable energy.
10 February 2023

Danish experiences will serve as inspiration for Indian authorities in achieving green transition and growth in the renewable energy sector. Since 2018, Denmark and India have cooperated on the energy transition. Initially, the cooperation was focused on offshore wind through a Strategic Sector Cooperation. In 2020, the collaboration was expanded to include longterm energy planning and scenarios as well as flexibility and integration of renewable energy.

The IEA estimates that India will be one of the world’s largest markets for renewable energy in the coming years, and electricity consumption is expected to triple by 2040. This corresponds to more than EU’s total electricity consumption today. Therefore, the ambition in India is to integrate large amounts of renewable energy to support the growing energy demand. Today, the India-Denmark Energy Partnership (INDEP) marks the centrepiece of the government-to-government cooperation on energy between India and Denmark. INDEP is a 5-year programme running from 2020-2024. The program is implemented in collaboration between Denmark and India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, the Ministry of Power as well as relevant institutions across India

The Green Strategic Partnership

  • Denmark and India started their cooperation on energy in 2018, focusing on offshore wind. In 2020, the collaboration was expanded to include longterm energy planning and scenarios as well as flexibility and integration of renewable energy.
  • The energy cooperation with India is financed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs through the Danish Climate Envelope from 2020-2024.
  • The programme is implemented in collaboration with India’s Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, the Ministry of Power as well as relevant institutions in India.
  • In September 2020, Denmark and India launched a green strategic partnership. The partnership sets the framework for a collaboration on the green transition in several areas where energy collaboration is central.

INDEP is a 5-year program that constitutes a key element in the government-to-government cooperation on energy. It is based on technical knowledge sharing within three main areas:

1 Offshore wind
Together, the Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and the Danish Energy Agency have established the Centre of Excellence for Offshore Wind and Renewable Energy. It will support the development of offshore wind in a planned and structured process so the wind power expansion can be carried out with less risk for investors and thus more cost-efficient. The Centre of Excellence will gather expertise on offshore wind and use it in India and regionally. India can benefit from unique Danish experiences such as the Danish one-stop-shop concept for permits for offshore wind, which streamlines crucial processes in the development of offshore wind projects.

2 Long-term planning and energy scenarios
The cooperation focuses on developing energy scenarios and long-term planning of the energy system, enabling political decision-making on a more informed
basis. Through cooperation on improved energy scenarios and long-term planning, Indian decision makers can obtain a more accurate picture of the total
costs and emissions associated with an expanding power generation, as well as how it is implemented cost-efficiently. The data basis for the calculations can
be improved by involving several actors in the collection of data. Thus, investment decisions can become more solid and at the same time increase the ownership of the decisions in the Indian society.

3 Flexibility of renewable energy
The cooperation focuses on developing the power system for the integration of variable renewable energy based on Danish experiences. Examples of this are
the development of improved grid codes, expansion of the power market, enhanced flexibility in thermal powerplants, and forecasting of renewable energy
production. Through this, the cooperation can contribute to integrate the planned 450 GW of renewable energy by 2030 in a cost-efficient way.

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