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Smart cities

Industrial symbiosis

Transforming through symbiotic relationships

25. September 2023

Solution provider

Danish Industry (DI)

The Confederation of Danish Industry (DI) is the voice of corporate Denmark. On behalf of 19,000 member companies, we work to ensure synergy between society’s goals concerning business competitiveness, a clean environment and energy security. Jointly, these goals create the foundation for green growth.

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As part of the ‘Desire’ project, Kalundborg has been selected as one of eight sites across Europe to test different design principles for green transition — helping to inform a broader toolkit for building sustainable, circular societies. 

 The project seeks to identify what to do to create ongoing potential for life, vitality, and viability for the whole of Kalundborg and its surroundings. This perspective will help to shape a broader learning kit and environment based on principles of sustainability, inclusion, and aesthetics. 


Partners will use participatory methods in a regenerative process to figure out the most meaningful design principles specific to Kalundborg as a whole. The sustainability of solutions will be examined based on parameters such as study environment, urban development, economy, resources, accessibility, and energy consumption. Architecture students will address how to optimise the use of materials flow when rethinking urban landscapes in cities. The project will also explore how Desire can contribute to the development of an education that gives architects knowledge on how to create circular cities and landscapes, as well as how the arrival of the Royal Danish Academy can create nodes and centres of energy towards new potential in Kalundborg.


The project is still in the explorative and initial phase no results have yet been accomplished.  


BLOXHUB, Confederation of Danish Industry, Design Society Fund – DDC, Danish Architecture Centre, Aalborg University, DTU, Politecnico Di Milano, Knowledge Hub Zealand,, Danish Association of Architectural Firms, CER Partnerstvo (CER Sustainable Business Network), GXN AS, Riga City Council, NXT Aps, Fonden Chart, Kairos Consorzio Di Cooperative Sociali – Societa Cooperativa Sociale O.N.L.U.S, Comune Di Torino, Plusvalue Italy Srl Societa Benefit, Stichting Samenwonen-Samenleven, Stichting The Beach, Royal Danish Academy – Architecture, Design, Conservation, BTC d.d., The Really Regenerative Centre CiC, Dark Matter Laboratories Limited 


Urban green transition

This case is a part of the white paper “Urban green transition”:

A 40-page showcase of why holistic and strategic city planning and development within mobility and infrastructure, climate adaptation, as well as environmentally conscious architecture and construction, must take centre stage in the transformed cities of tomorrow.

Explore the white paper