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District energy

District heating

Smart energy systems


Heat Plan Denmark 2010

24. February 2009

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Ramboll is a leading international architecture, engineering, and consultancy company, owned by the Ramboll Foundation.

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Heat Plan Denmark 2010 is an update of Heat Plan Denmark 2008 and confirmes how the sector has reduced the CO2 emission in Denmark since 1980 and how this development can continue in a cost effective way to an almost CO2 neutral heating sector in 2030.

The study is based on an overall least cost evaluation of the best existing technology taking into account the interaction between buildings, district heating and the power system with a large share of wind energy.

It provides recommendations to the central administration, to municipalities, to district heating companies and to consumers on how to continue the development of the heating sector in the most cost effective way towards a CO2 neutral society in a sustainable way, mainly:

  • to increase the market share of District heating from 50 % to 70%
  • to supply 70% of all new buildings with district heating
  • to supply 30 % with heat pumps
  • to encourage end-users to save heat and reduce the return temperature
  • to use more renewable energy, such as waste to energy with fluegas condensation, biofuel CHP, large scale solar heating, geothermal energy and electric boilers and heat pumps to absorb surplus wind energy

The study has been elaborated by Ramboll in association with Aalborg University.