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Designing Europe’s largest timber logistics center

18. April 2024

Solution provider


Ramboll is a leading international architecture, engineering, and consultancy company, owned by the Ramboll Foundation.

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In the Netherlands, the demand for logistics centers continues to grow, driven by the need for efficient supply chain operations. However, traditional logistics facilities often contribute to environmental degradation and lack consideration for biodiversity. Moreover, the pressure to reduce emissions and create a fair working environment adds complexity to the challenge.

Designing a logistics center that not only meets functional requirements but also prioritises sustainability, biodiversity, and employee well-being poses a hurdle to overcome.


Henning Larsen and Ramboll, in collaboration with Bestseller, have embarked on a journey to redefine logistics by designing Europe’s largest timber logistics center in Lelystad, Netherlands. The solution involves a holistic approach that integrates biogenic materials, such as mass timber and straw, to minimise waste and reduce emissions. The design prioritises nearly 50% of the site for landscaping, inspired by the surrounding island habitat, to significantly increase biodiversity. Constructed wetland habitats, a rooftop meadow, and optimised irrigation systems are incorporated to foster ecological variety and promote a sustainable ecosystem. The design also includes features to enhance employee well-being, such as natural light, outdoor spaces, and a restaurant with a roof garden.


The completed Logistics Center West (LCW) embodies the vision of a sustainable, biodiverse, and employee-friendly workplace. The integration of biogenic materials and green spaces not only reduces the environmental footprint but also creates a unique atmosphere that fosters employee well-being and productivity. The constructed wetland habitats and rooftop meadow contribute to increased biodiversity, while the optimised irrigation system promotes a healthy water ecology and safeguards against flooding. The rooftop garden absorbs CO2, filters air pollutants, and mitigates heat absorption, resulting in a more comfortable and sustainable environment.