Skip to content



The resource-intensive industries

Supporting infrastructure growth through efficiency.
17 December 2020

Saving energy and water in traditionally resource-intensive industries is one of the most necessary steps in a green transition while at the same time creating growth and economic development.

Resource-intensive industries such as steel, refining, chemical and cement are critical and important suppliers to all industries; enabling activities in other sectors and society at large, including transport, construction and power generation.

The resource intensive industry today

In the European Union (EU), industry accounts for 15 per cent of total CO2 emissions and energy-intensive industries account for more than half of this. Therefore, the EU’s ambitions of becoming climate neutral by 2050 can only be realised with the active participation of the energy-intensive industry. The challenge is to decrease emissions while keeping the industries competitive and positioning them to exploit the huge potential of the global market for low-emission technologies and services. The energy-intensive industry is engaged and has realised significant reductions already.

Reducing emissions through several measures

In 2019, the Danish government initiated 13 so-called ‘climate partnerships’, representing all branches of the Danish private sector. The aim was to involve the private sector to contribute with concrete recommendations and solutions on how to  reduce CO2 and green house gasses in their respective sectors.

The Climate Partnership for Energy Intensive Industry has reported on their contribution to the Danish climate target of 70 per cent CO2 reductions by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. They point to reaching 30 per cent by own measures in the industry, such as energy efficiency measures, electrification of low-temperature processes and innovation directed at lower CO2 emitting products and processes. Electrification of low-temperature processes will also contribute to future energy and CO2 savings for two reasons;

  1. Electric processes (where they are possible) are often more energy  fficient
  2. More than 50 per cent of the Danish electricity supply is based on renewable energy sources such as wind, biomass and solar.

An additional 20 per cent can be reached through carbon capture, usage and storage (CCUS). Some of the required solutions are not yet commercially viable and their realisation will require public investments and a willingness among customers to prioritise low-carbon products. Finally, this sector can contribute significantly to further energy savings in society by making their surplus heat from processes available to others.

Download our publication on sustainable industries

This article is part of our publication ‘Sustainable industries’.

Download now

Knowledge is key

Although many energy efficiency measures have already been realised in industries with high-energy consumption based on a strong focus on energy costs, there are still many ordinary efficiency measures to be realised through information campaigns – particularly aimed at small and medium
enterprises. For the large emitters, an individual approach must be pursued – aiming at realising significant potentials in each individual company.

European masterplan

In 2019, the High-Level Group of Energy Intensive Industries delivered a masterplan for a competitive transformation of EU Energy-intensive Industries Enabling a Climate-neutral, Circular Economy by 2050.

The presented masterplan identifies strategic priorities within three areas:

  • Creation of a market for climate-neutral, circular economy products
  • Developing climate-neutral solutions and financing their uptake
  • Access to resources and deployment

You should consider reading



Job creation and transition


Sound of Green, a podcast series with insights from Denmark’s green transition

27 January 2023
From managing cloudbursts to setting up climate partnerships, we examine how Denmark has turned acute climate challenges into new opportunities. In our podcast series Sound of Green, experts convey how Danish experiences can push the needle toward global green transition. Find it on Spotify, Apple Podcast and


Wind energy


10 examples of green solutions from Denmark in 2022

3 January 2023
Many Danish companies provide solutions that can help drive the global transition to a sustainable, low-carbon, resource-efficient society. Find inspiration in ten of the most popular green solutions from Danish companies published on our webpage in 2022.