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Climate change adaptation

Coastal protection

Nature based solutions

Improving the climate resilience of the coast of Senegal

20. October 2022
Senegal coast protection

Solution provider

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark

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The effects of climate change are magnified by the area’s rapid urbanization. Senegal’s 718 km coastline is home to as many as 52 per cent of the population, with fishing, tourism, and horticulture being the main economic activities. 90 per cent of industries are located along the coast and contribute with 68 per cent of the GDP. This economically vital coastal region, with its sandy and rocky coastline, wetlands, and mangroves, is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. Solutions must be found to counter the effects of climate change for Ndoye and the other inhabitants on the coastline to maintain their livelihood.  


Planting trees to protect the coastline, and hence, regenerate the ecosystem and maintain means of income is one solution. Another is introducing conservation of fish to generate income opportunities. These initiatives are supported by the World Bank-managed West Africa Coastal Areas Program (WACA) 

Denmark supports WACA, through the Nordic Development Fund (NDF), helping West African countries to sustainably manage their coastal areas and strengthen their socio-economic resilience to the effects of climate change.

The NDF is a joint development finance institution between Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, established in 1989. Denmark’s owner’s share is around 22 per cent. 


Coastal protection work is planned for eastern and western Corniches road in Dakar as well as protection of the Island of Gorée, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Saint-Louis on the Langue de Barbarie is also targeted for interventions focusing on citizen engagement and a local initiative to strengthen resilience and improve the livelihoods and well-being of people affected by coastal erosion.