Creating sustainable urban mobility

Reducing emissions by introducing more environmental friendly vehicles, a better use of public transportation and alternative modes of transport

The challenge
Cities are home to over 70 percent of the EU population. Most journeys begin and end in cities. Almost 23 percent of the emission from transport comes from urban transport. This includes both transportation of goods and persons. Urbanisation and the increase in commuting will challenge the transport system and as a consequence increase congestion and emissions.

The future
The emissions of urban transport can be reduced with more environmental friendly vehicles, better use of public transport and alternative modes of transport such as bicycling and walking. Urban freight transport makes up a relatively small share of urban traffic but improving the efficiency of the ‘first and last mile’ of deliveries is of particular important for economic growth and the reduction of emissions.

Explore associated sectors

It is estimated that 9 billion people will inhabit the planet by 2050 – 70 percent of these will live in cities. The increasing urbanisation will be a challenge to cities all over the world. Some of these challenges includes congestion, an increase in CO2 emissions and an increased pressure on the transportation system.  Hence, the demand for new innovative solutions within sustainable urban mobility is growing.

By integrating different modes of transportation, urban planning can address climate and environmental issues such as private car use and congestion, for instance through increased public transportation and facilitating greener alternatives, which saves both time and cost for people and society.

Incorporation and collaboration between several sectors, policy areas, levels of government and private stakeholders is a vital factor in mobility management. Intermobility and a flexible transportation system enables people and goods to move around more easily by combining alternative modes of transport.

Cities must be built for people in order to be sustainable, healthy and liveable. Targeted policy-making to ensure that the residents of the city are invited to walk and bike as much as possible in connection with their daily activities is a strong reinforcement of these objectives. The key is to acknowledge the importance of city space and city life as an attractive, informal and democratic meeting place for the residents in the 21st century.