Greater water security with groundwater

Climate change is affecting global rainfall patterns and water distribution. Since there is approximately 100 times more groundwater on Earth than fresh surface water, it makes sense to exploit groundwater as a source of water. The aim of this white paper is to share some of Denmark’s technologies, tools and methods for groundwater mapping and hydrogeological modelling.

We face global water scarcity and insufficient access to clean drinking water

Providing enough fresh water for a growing population and for increasing industrial production is a critical issue in many countries. Climate change is affecting global rainfall patterns and water distribution. Since there is approximately 100 times more groundwater on Earth than fresh surface water, it makes sense to exploit groundwater as a source of water. In many parts of the world, especially in arid or seasonally dry regions, groundwater can provide a stable and sustainable source of high quality water.

Multiple benefits from groundwater use

Groundwater is less exposed to pollution than surface water, the water quality is higher and it requires less treatment. Moreover, water utilities can benefit from planning long term. They can avoid major investment linked to surface water infrastructure and enjoy a higher level of water security. Groundwater mapping and sustainable groundwater management ensure improved knowledge of the availability ofwater resources, a critical factor in attracting new companies and industry.

By investing in groundwater usage local business partners will develop their competence through knowledge transfer from international experts. This creates a strong platform for expanding the local water business to other regions.

The aim of this white paper is to share some of Denmark’s technologies, tools and methods for groundwater mapping and hydrogeological modelling to give examples of how to use groundwater as resource.


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Ramboll is a leading multidisciplinary independent consultancy company Our 1,500 experts in energy provide our customers with cost-effective energy and climate solutions that meet today’s standards. We are among the leading consultants in the world within important energy, climate mitigation and climate adaption services: •Sustainable development of liveable cities •Least cost energy planning and strategies •District heating and cooling •Combined heat and power •Heat pumps •Waste to energy •Large scale solar water heating •Thermal storage tanks and storage pits •Wind farm infrastructure on and off shore •Power grids •Integrated smart energy system •Climate strategies •Waste management •Biogas •Exploration of oil and gas •Natural gas transmission and distribution •Natural gas storage Our multidisciplinary approach also includes other renewable sources, hydro power, geothermal energy, energy efficiency in building and industry and low energy buildings. Furthermore, Ramboll’s experts address global water and climate challenges by working across the water cycle from water resources and supply, processing and treatment, to sewerage and discharge. Working with municipalities, utilities, and industrial clients we draw on multidisciplinary expertise to create innovative, sustainable and liveable solutions for our customers and society. Our more than 700 water consultants – mainly engineers, hydraulic specialists, water consultants and landscape architects, but also economists, legal advisors and management consultants – work with water projects on a global scale with more than 50 years of proven experience. Discover more in this video about Ramboll's global water practice. To learn more about Urban Energy Solutions, see Rambolls blog