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To accommodate the need for public housing in Singapore, an empty lot was transformed into what is now Kampung Admiralty. The uniqueness of Kampung Admiralty stems from its design, which focuses on both social and environmental sustainability. It encourages the elderly residents to engage in an active lifestyle among younger generations, but it is also part of a greater effort to increase environmental sustainability.
The hydrological design of the building allows nearly 4 million litres of water a year to be harvested, stored, and reused for irrigation. The rainwater travels through a large series of gardens, which function as a vegetative storm water filter. Furthermore, an eco-pond improves biodiversity and provides a cooling effect in an otherwise warm, urban climate. With its ambitious amounts of greenery, Kampung Admiralty stands out in a densely populated urban area. It is a prime example of how circular thinking can lessen the negative impacts of increasing urbanisation.
A tropical rainforest designed by Ramboll
Ramboll (Ramboll Studio Dreiseitl) is responsible for design of the greenery and landscape, which includes a tropical rainforest, as well as water management systems.
The landscape is designed as layers of green and blue infrastructure woven into the building to connect residents and the greater Admiralty neighbourhood to the historical “Kampung” village spirit within today’s highly densified urban context.
Prior to development, the site remained as an empty unutilized field between residential towers, a marketplace, and a train station. Over 100% landscape replacement was achieved through ground level planting, green roofs and vertical green walls.
Climate adaptation and water cleansing
The average annual rainfall in Singapore is 92 inches (2340mm). The design of the Hydrological system allows for over a million gallons of tap water to be conserved each year as storm water runoff is stored in the rainwater harvesting tank and reused for irrigation.
Water trickles down from the rain curtain mesh during storm events as a reinterpretation of the tropical downpour experience. The eco-pond promotes biodiversity and provides a natural cooling effect for the adjacent urban surroundings.
The bio retention basin located at the medical centre provides a calm and therapeutic environment for patients while also functioning as a system to harvest, cleanse, and recycle rainwater.
An award-winning project
The substantial mixed-use building Kampung Admiralty has now won three significant awards since it opened. It won the prestigious World Building of the Year 2018 award at the World Architecture Festival in Amsterdam. It is the first development in Singapore to integrate housing for the elderly, and hence Singapore’s flagship vertical village, which has transformed a compact 2.2 acres site into a dynamic community heart.