As transmission system operator, Energinet.dk must ensure that R&D is conducted for the benefit of Danish society and the electricity sector.
Energinet.dk finances its R&D activities on the basis of the electricity and natural gas transmission tariffs, and conducts a number of R&D activities. However, R&D is generally carried out by external collaboration partners.
Subject to the approval of the Danish Minister for Climate and Energy, Energinet.dk provides public service obligation (PSO) funds for R&D in environmentally-friendly electricity generation technologies, eg wind energy, solar energy, biomass, hydrogen/fuel cells, control and regulation. DKK 130 million is granted each year.
The focus areas are adjusted from one year to the next. Energinet.dk administers the ForskEL programme, but does not participate in the R&D activities itself. The ForskEL programme is carefully coordinated with the other Danish energy research programmes.
About 250 projects have been carried out since 1998, and at present about 140 projects are in progress.
Energinet.dk funds internal and external PSO projects to develop security of supply of the Danish natural gas transmission system and supports R&D projects on the use of the natural gas system for the transmission of other gases, eg hydrogen and upgraded biogas.