Case

District Heating in the Chinese City Anshan

Located in the north-eastern part of China, Anshan has approximately 3.5 million citizens of which 1.8 million will benefit from district heating. Since 2013, the city of Anshan and Danfoss have been working together with consulting group COWI to deliver an extensive district heating solution with the aim of improving the quality of life for the citizens. 

The new district heating system will utilize surplus heat from the local AnGang Steel plant – China’s 3rd largest steel producer. This primary heating source will enable Anshan to cut energy consumption, reduce its CO2 emissions and increase comfort levels in apartment buildings.

Currently, the city is establishing a heat transmission system from AnGang Steel to the primary heating networks operated by the city’s heating companies. A transmission system is a new concept in China. It will be a hydraulically separated network, which ensures the optimum in system safety and balance, and therefore energy efficiency. The system concept is inspired by the district heating system in Copenhagen and will use Danfoss substations. Once the transmission line is up and running, the residents will no longer have to use electric or gas boilers to heat domestic hot water and will in turn benefit from significant reductions in their heating bills.

The new transmission line is a pilot project designed to demonstrate the potential of full deployment of the concept across the whole of Anshan. The aim with the new transmission line is to reduce annual coal consumption by 173,000 tons and to cut CO2 emissions by 289,000 tons. The financial prospects are very positive as well, with an expected pay-back time of 3 years. The benefits for the city of Anshan as a whole are much greater. Full implementation would lead to annual coal savings of 678,000 tons and a reduction in emissions of 1,380,000 tons of CO2. This corresponds to a 60-90% reduction in coal and CO2 emissions compared to the base line, which will also improve air quality for residents.

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